Biotic constraints to banana production in Eastern and Central Provinces of Kenya

Abstract: 
Banana is an important crop whose production faces major challenges, especially pests and diseases. A banana pests survey was carried out in Eastern and Central Provinces of Kenya. Results showed Fusarium wilt as the most widespread disease, especially where variety Gros Michel dominated. Sigatoka, cigar end rot and Armillaria corm rot appeared not to significantly reduce yields. A new potentially devastating disease was observed and is under investigation. Weevils and nematode effects were observed, but most farmers were probably not aware of their impacts. Use of uncertified seedlings is a major factor in spreading these pests and pathogens.
La banane est une culture importante dont la production fait face à des défis majeurs, notamment les ravageurs et les maladies. Une enquête sur les parasites de banane a été réalisée dans les provinces de l’Est et du Centre du Kenya. Les résultats ont montré la fusariose que la maladie est la plus répandue, en particulier où la variété Gros Michel dominée. Cercosporiose, la pourriture du bout de cigare et la pourriture du bulbe Armillaria ne semble pas réduire de manière significative les rendements. Une nouvelle maladie potentiellement dévastatrice a été observée et est sous enquête. Les effets de charançons et de nématodes ont été observés, mais la plupart d’agriculteurs ne sont probablement pas conscients de leurs impacts. L’utilisation de plants certifiés est un facteur majeur dans la propagation de ces ravageurs et agents pathogènes.
Language: 
Date of publication: 
2010
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
University/affiliation: 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
Edition: 
Extent: 
267-269
Notes: 

"The 2010 RUFORUM Biennial Conference was the second in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme diseases".