Determinants of Milk Production in Nyabubare Sub County, Bushenyi District, Western Uganda

Abstract: 
This study was conducted to determine the factors responsible for low milk production in Nyabubare sub-county, Bushenyi district, Uganda. Dairy farming is a major activity in this subcounty, with communities almost entirely dependent on it for their livelihoods. A survey was carried in which stratified random sampling was used to select a study sample of 50 farms from four parishes; 17 farms from Nyabubare, 15 farms from Nyarugote, 10 and 8 farms from Kahungye and Kizinda, respectively. Data were collected using semi-structured questionnaires and personal observations. The data collected were analysed using SPSS computer package. The study revealed that the major constraints to milk production in the sub-county included: uneducated farmers (40%), keeping of local cattle breeds, practicing poor grazing systems such as continuous grazing, lack of supplementary feeding, and inadequate deworming of animals. Others included use of poor methods of insemination and use of poor breeding bulls. It is recommended that exotic breeds of dairy cattle be adopted, collective marketing be devised and that farmers be trained in improved dairy cattle management.
Cette étude a été menée afin de déterminer les facteurs responsables de la faible production de lait dans le sous-comté de Nyabubare, en Ouganda. La production laitière est une activité importante dans ce sous-comté, avec les communautés presque entièrement dépendantes d’elle comme leurs moyens de subsistance. Une enquête a été réalisée, celle dans laquelle l’échantillonnage aléatoire stratifié a été utilisé pour sélectionner un échantillon d’étude de 50 fermes de quatre communes : 17 fermes de Nyabubare, 15 fermes de Nyarugote, 10 et 8 fermes de Kahungye et Kizinda, respectivement. Les données ont été recueillies à l’aide de questionnaires semi-structurés et des observations personnelles. Les données recueillies ont été analysées à l’aide du progiciel SPSS. L’étude a révélé que les principales contraintes à la production laitière dans le sous-comté comprenaient: les fermiers sans instruction (40%), le maintien des races bovines locales, la pratique des systèmes de pâturage pauvres tels que le pâturage continu, le manque d’alimentation supplémentaire, et le déparasitage médiocre des animaux. D’autres ont inclus l’utilisation de méthodes d’insémination pauvres et des taureaux d’élevage médiocres. Il est recommandé que les races exotiques de bétail laitier soient adoptées, la commercialisation collective soit conçue et que les fermiers soient formés à une meilleure gestion des bovins laitiers.
Language: 
Extended abstract under Enhancing Livestock Productivity
Date of publication: 
2012
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
Author/Editor(s): 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Agris Subject Categories: 
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
Publisher: 
Notes: 

The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants.  This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of Enhancing Livestock Productivity.