Determination of Seasonal Parasite Carriage of Village Chicken in Mbeere, Antiparasitic Treatments used and Effectiveness of Selected Anthelmintics

Abstract: 
The overall objective of the study is to determine parasite carriage of village chicken of Mbeere district, Eastern province of Kenya. The study was conducted for over two seasons, the dry (January to March) and wet (October to December) season. Subsequently efficacy testing of selected antiparasitic drugs will be conducted. Twenty four birds of three age groups (chicks, growers and adults) were randomly selected from homesteads. The study showed that all chicken (100%) harboured ecto and endoparasites and 79.1% were infected with haemoparasites. With respect to ectoparasites, all the birds (100%) were infested, with lice, while 75% were infected with mites, 66.7% with ticks and 54.1% with fleas. The most prevalent nematodes were the caecal worms (91.7%), Tetramere species (54.1%), Gonglylonema (29.1%) and Coccidial oocyst (20.8%). Cestodes were also present in 91.7% of the samples. Haemoparasites had a prevalence of 83.3%. This study has shown that endo and ectoparasites are a common health problem in the village chicken in Mbeere District, Kenya. The studies for wet season and for drug sensitivity testing are still on-going.
L’objectif global de l’étude est de déterminer le transfert des parasites de poulet du village du district de Mbeere, en province orientale du Kenya. L’étude a été menée au cours de deux saisons, la saison sèche (de Janvier à Mars) et la saison humide (d’Octobre à Décembre). Par la suite, les tests d’efficacité des médicaments antiparasites sélectionnés seront effectués. Vingt-quatre oiseaux de trois groupes d’âge (poussins, producteurs et adultes) ont été choisis au hasard des fermes. L’étude a montré que tous les poulets (100%) étaient infestés d’ectoparasites et d’endoparasites et 79,1% étaient infectés d’hémoparasites. En ce qui concerne les ectoparasites, tous les oiseaux (100%) étaient infestés de poux, tandis que 75% ont été infectés par des mites, 66,7% de tiques et 54,1% de puces. Les nématodes les plus prévalents étaient les vers du caecum (91,7%), les espèces Tetramere (54,1%), les Gonglylonema (29,1%) et les coccidialoocystes (20,8%). Les cestodes étaient également présents dans 91,7% des échantillons. Les hémoparasites présentaient une prévalence de 83,3%. Cette étude a montré que les endoparasites et les ectoparasites constituent un problème de santé fréquent pour le poulet du village dans le district de Mbeere au Kenya. Les études pour la saison des pluies et pour les tests de sensibilité aux médicaments sont toujours en cours.
Language: 
Extended abstract under Enhancing Livestock Productivity
Date of publication: 
2012
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Agris Subject Categories: 
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
Publisher: 
Notes: 

The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants.  This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of Enhancing Livestock Productivity.