Effects of chicken and cattle manure on wheat production and soil properties in the high terrace and Karu soils in River Nile State in the Sudan

Abstract: 
This study was conducted at Hudeiba Research farm on karu and high terrace soils for two consecutive seasons (2008/09 and 2009/10). Organic manures are traditionally used for supplying plant nutrients. Eight different fertilizer combinations from cattle and chicken manure plus phosphorus and nitrogen were tested to estimate their contribution to wheat grain yield. Changes in growth and yield parameters of wheat relative to inorganically fertilized control were measured. The combined yield analysis of the first season revealed that the treatment consisting of 4 tons Ch/ha + 86 kg N/ha + 43 kg P2O5 was the best for wheat production on both the high terrace and Karu soils. This treatment gave the highest wheat grain yield (3375kg/ ha). The first season findings of the trial suggested that crop productivity may be improved significantly by the application of various organic manures.
Cette étude a été menée à la ferme de recherche de Hudeiba sur les sols de Karu et de haute terrasse pendant deux saisons consécutives (2008/09 et 2009/10). Les engrais organiques sont traditionnellement utilisés pour fournir des éléments nutritifs. Huit combinaisons différentes d’engrais à partir de fumier de bovin et de poulet ainsi que le phosphore et l’azote ont été testés pour évaluer leur contribution au rendement en grain du blé. Les changements dans la croissance et les paramètres de rendement du blé par rapport au contrôle inorganiquement fertilisé ont été mesurés. L’analyse combinée du rendement de la première saison a révélé que le traitement se composant de 4 tonnes Ch/ha + 86 kg N/ha + 43 kgP2O5 était le meilleur pour la production du blé à la fois sur la haute terrasse et les sols de Karu. Ce traitement a donné le meilleur rendement en grains du blé (3375 kg/ha). Les résultats de la première saison de l’essai indiquaient que la productivité des cultures peut être significativement améliorée par l’application de différents engrais organiques.
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Date of publication: 
2010
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
University/affiliation: 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
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Extent: 
153-156
Notes: 

"The 2010 RUFORUM Biennial Conference was the second in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of agronomy.