In the present study, an efficient protocol for somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration was established in six finger millet varieties (GBK-043137, GBK-043128, GBK-043124, GBK-043122, GBK- 043094 and GBK-043050). Shoot tips from 3 days in vitro grown plants were inoculated on MS supplemented with various concentrations and combinations of α-naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 2,4- Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), benzylaminopurine (BAP) and kinetin for callus induction and somatic embryogenesis. For shoot regeneration, somatic embryos were cultured on various concentrations of BAP, while root induction was done using different concentrations and combinations of NAA, kinetin, BAP and 2,4-D. Acclimatization of regenerated plants was tested using forest soil, cocopeat, manure, sand and fertilizer either singly or in combination. Best callus formation was achieved on 2.5 mg/l of 2,4-D and 1.5 mg/l BAP with a mean of 12.33±0.33 on variety GBK-043128 while shooting and rooting were best on 1.75 mg/l BAP with a mean of 25.07±0.64 and 1.0 BAP+0.25 NAA with a mean of 15.00±2.2, respectively. Best acclimatization was attained using soil, sand and fertilizer on GBK-043094. Plants regenerated were morphologically similar to in vivo plants with 97% survival rate. Moreover, they were fertile and able to set viable seeds. This efficient protocol has the potential for crop improvement and genomic studies.
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RUFORUM Journal Articles