Enzymatic processing of Agave sisalana and Ananas comosus plant fibres and fibre waste for diversified use

Abstract: 
This study is being carried out to (i) characterise and explore the use of enzymes as an alternative method of fibre softening for sisal (Agave sisalana) and pineapple (Ananas comosus) leaves, (ii) determine the fabric hand on sisal jewelry after resin application, and (iii) develop and analyse a non-woven structure from the waste of treated Agave sisalana and Ananas comosus fibres in order to diversify current uses. Experiments will be conducted on enzymatic treatment of fibres from the afore-mentioned leaves. Application of resins will improve the texture of wearable Agave sisalana and Ananas comosus products. Results will contribute towards comfort in wearing sisal products and subsequent product demand. The emergence of local entrepreneurship in new undertakings such as environmentally sensitive manufacturing, value-added processing of agricultural output and commerce-related opportunities is deemed essential in government’s striving to reduce unemployment and create wealth.
Cette étude est réalisée avec les objectifs suivants: (i) caractériser et explorer l’utilisation d’enzymes comme une méthode alternative d’adoucissement de fibres de sisal (Agave sisalana) et des feuilles d’ananas (Ananascomosus), (ii) déterminer la main du tissu sur les bijoux en sisal après l’application de la résine et (iii) élaborer et analyser une structure non-tissée à partir des déchets des fibres traitées d’Agave sisalana et d’Ananascomosus afin de diversifier les utilisations actuelles. Des expériences seront menées sur le traitement enzymatique des fibres à partir des feuilles susmentionnées. L’application des résines permettra d’améliorer la texture de produits portables d’Agave sisalana et d’Ananascomosus. Les résultats contribueront au confort de porter des produits de sisal et de la demande ultérieure des produits. L’émergence del’entrepreneuriat local à des entreprises nouvelles telles que la fabrication environnementalement sensible, la transformation à valeur ajoutée de la production agricole et les opportunités liées au commerce, est considérée comme essentielle dans l’effort du gouvernement pour réduire le chômage et créer de la richesse.
Language: 
Extended abstracts submitted under Integrated Crop Management
Date of publication: 
2012
Country: 
Region Focus: 
Southern Africa
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Agris Subject Categories: 
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
Edition: 
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The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants.This record contains an extended abstract accepted under Integrated Crop Management