On Farm Evaluation of Legumes Biomass for the Management of Striga in Iringa District, Tanzania

Abstract: 
A mother-baby trial using farmers’ groups was set up to evaluate the effect of legumes biomass in the management of Striga in Iringa district, Tanzania. A randomised complete block design was used in the experimental lay-out. Two maize genotypes namely Situka and IR-Maize and six selected legumes (cowpeas, chickpeas, green gram, mucuna, canavalia and sunhemp) were used. Preliminary results indicated that short crop rotations using maize and cowpeas or sunhemp have the highest potential for reducing Striga infestation and increasing maize productivity against chemical herbicides.
Un essai mère-enfant à l’aide des groupes d’agriculteurs a été mis en place pour évaluer l’effet de la biomasse des légumineuses dans la gestion de Striga dans le district d’Iringa, en Tanzanie. Un dispositif en blocs aléatoires complets a été utilisé dans le plan expérimental. Deux génotypes de maïs à savoir le Situka et le maïs- IR et six légumineuses sélectionnées (le niébé, les pois chiches, les haricots velus, pois mascate, canavalia et haschisch) ont été utilisées. Les résultats préliminaires indiquent que la rotation courte des cultures en utilisant le maïs et le niébé ou le haschisch ont le plus grand potentiel de réduction de l’infestation de Striga et d’augmentation de la productivité du maïs comparativement aux herbicides chimiques.
Language: 
Extended abstracts submitted under Integrated Crop Management
Date of publication: 
2012
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Agris Subject Categories: 
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
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The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants.This record contains an extended abstract accepted under Integrated Crop Management