Land use/land cover changes and their impact on the human-elephant conflict in Laikipia West District, Kenya

Abstract: 
Changes in land use and cover between 1973 and 2008 in Laikipia West district, Kenya was studied. The district shares a boundary with a protected wildlife area that among others has elephants. These often raid crops in addition to competing for browse with livestock. The study carried out mainly using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technology revealed that grasslands and plantations increased during the study period while the rest of the land use systems (indigenous forests, EwasoNarok swamp, dams and farms) decreased. In the same period, the elephant population increased while human conflict cases fluctuated. It is recommended that a migration corridor be established between Laikipia ranch and Rumuruti, Lariak, and Marmanet forests to allow movement of wild life without destroying crops.
Les changements dans l’utilisation des terres et la couverture entre 1973 et 2008 dans le district de Laikipia ouest, le Kenya a été étudiée. Le district partage une frontière avec une réserve d’espèces sauvages protégée, entre autres des éléphants. Ces derniers souvent envahissent les cultures en plus de concurrence avec le bétail. L’étude a été réalisée principalement au moyen des systèmes d’information géographique (GIS) et a révélé que les prairies et les plantations ont augmenté au cours de la période d’étude tandis que le reste des systèmes d’utilisation des terres (forêts indigènes, EwasoNarok marais, les barrages et les exploitations agricoles) a diminué. Dans la même période, la population d’éléphants a augmenté tandis que les cas de conflit de l’homme ont fluctué. Il est recommandé que le corridor de migration soit établi entre le ranch Laikipia et Rumuruti, Lariak, et les forêts Marmanet pour permettre le mouvement de la vie sauvage, sans détruire les cultures.
Language: 
Date of publication: 
2010
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
University/affiliation: 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
Edition: 
Extent: 
1507-1511
Notes: 

"The 2010 RUFORUM Biennial Conference was the second in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme climate change".