Livelihood diversification and enhanced food security through agro-pastoralism: Socio-cultural and other challenges among Maasai pastoralists of Narok North district of Kenya

The Maasai of Narok North District Kenya have started adopting agro-pastoralism as a livelihood diversification strategy. This study sought to determine the socio-cultural challenges faced in agro-pastoralism and the relationships between these challenges and level of agro-pastoralism. The dependent variable was level of agro-pastoralism, while the independent variables were attitude towards pastoralism, attitude towards crop cultivation, land ownership system and contact with agricultural extension. No statistically significant relationships were found between the variables. Socio-cultural challenges affected only 31% of respondents, while all respondents experienced economic, technical and climate change challenges. The study concluded that socio-cultural challenges did not present major obstacles to agro-pastoralism and recommended that development partners should help the Maasai to address the general challenges identified.
Les Massaï de Narok dans le district Nord du Kenya ont commencé à adopter l’agro-pastoralisme en tant que stratégie de diversification des moyens de subsistance. Cette étude visait à déterminer les enjeux socio-culturels rencontrés dans l’agropastoralisme et les relations entre ces défis et le niveau de l’agro-pastoralisme. La variable dépendante était le niveau de l’agro-pastoralisme, tandis que les variables indépendantes ont été l’attitude envers le pastoralisme, l’attitude envers les cultures, le système de propriété foncière et le contact avec la vulgarisation agricole. Aucune relation statistiquement significative n’a été observée entre les variables. Les défis socioculturels ont affecté seulement 31% des répondants, alors que tous les répondants ont connu les défis du changement climatique, économique et technique. L’étude a conclu que les défis socioculturels ne présentaient pas d’obstacles majeurs à l’agropastoralisme et a recommandé que les partenaires de développement devraient aider les Maasai pour relever les défis généraux identifiés.
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Region Focus: 
East Africa
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
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Open Access
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Printed resource

"The 2010 RUFORUM Biennial Conference was the second in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme socio-economics".