Pod quality, pod yield and disease resistance of new bush snap bean lines in Kenya

Abstract: 
This study was conducted at Mwea and Embu where twenty F6.7 lines selected from 31 bulk populations were evaluated for reaction to diseases, pod quality and pod yield in onfarm trials during the 2013 long rain and short rain seasons. Diseases were scored on a scale of 1 to 9, where scores of 1-3 were considered resistant, 4 to 6 intermediate, and 7 to 9 susceptible. Two rows per plot of each genotype were harvested three days a week and pods graded as extra-fine, fine and bobby using standard commercial criteria. Genstat Version 15 software was used for analysis of variance and mean separation. Results showed that there were significant differences among the lines for pod quality, pod yield and resistance to angular leaf spot and anthracnose. Seven new lines showed combined resistance to angular leaf spot rust and anthracnose at both sites contrasting with commercial checks which were susceptible. Angular leaf spot was more severe at Embu, where plots were irrigated with overhead sprinklers. All test lines showed resistant reactions to anthracnose at Embu but the two commercial checks were susceptible. Rust incidence was low at both locations. Pod yield over the 13 harvests varied from 6354 to 19253 kg ha-1at Mwea, and 4731 to 21175 kg ha-1 at Embu, with the best lines giving a yield advantage of up to 17.7 and 29.5% over the commercial checks at Mwea and Embu, respectively. These results indicate that new bush snap bean varieties with market demanded traits, higher productivity and resistance to major diseases can be developed from these lines. Utilization of these varieties will contribute to better returns for snap bean farmers and enhanced competitiveness of local products.
This study was conducted at Mwea and Embu where twenty F6.7 lines selected from 31 bulk populations were evaluated for reaction to diseases, pod quality and pod yield in onfarm trials during the 2013 long rain and short rain seasons. Diseases were scored on a scale of 1 to 9, where scores of 1-3 were considered resistant, 4 to 6 intermediate, and 7 to 9 susceptible. Two rows per plot of each genotype were harvested three days a week and pods graded as extra-fine, fine and bobby using standard commercial criteria. Genstat Version 15 software was used for analysis of variance and mean separation. Results showed that there were significant differences among the lines for pod quality, pod yield and resistance to angular leaf spot and anthracnose. Seven new lines showed combined resistance to angular leaf spot rust and anthracnose at both sites contrasting with commercial checks which were susceptible. Angular leaf spot was more severe at Embu, where plots were irrigated with overhead sprinklers. All test lines showed resistant reactions to anthracnose at Embu but the two commercial checks were susceptible. Rust incidence was low at both locations. Pod yield over the 13 harvests varied from 6354 to 19253 kg ha-1at Mwea, and 4731 to 21175 kg ha-1 at Embu, with the best lines giving a yield advantage of up to 17.7 and 29.5% over the commercial checks at Mwea and Embu, respectively. These results indicate that new bush snap bean varieties with market demanded traits, higher productivity and resistance to major diseases can be developed from these lines. Utilization of these varieties will contribute to better returns for snap bean farmers and enhanced competitiveness of local products. moyenne de la variance et de la séparation. Les résultats ont montré qu’il y avait des différences significatives entre les lignées pour la qualité de gousses, le rendement en gousses et la résistance à la tâche angulaire des feuilles et à l’anthracnose. Sept nouvelles lignées ont montré une résistance combinée à la tache de la rouille angulaire des feuilles et l’anthracnose sur les deux sites contrastés avec des contrôles commerciaux qui étaient sensibles. La tâche angulaire des feuilles a été plus sévère à Embu, où les parcelles ont été irriguées avec aspersion. Toutes les lignées de test ont montré de réactions résistantes à l’anthracnose à Embu, mais les deux tests commerciaux étaient sensibles. L’incidence de la rouille a été faible sur les deux sites. Le rendement de gousses au cours des 13 récoltes varient de 6354 à19253 kg ha-1 à Mwea, et de 4731 à 21175 kg ha-1 à Embu. Et les meilleures lignées donnant un avantage de rendement allant jusqu’à 17,7 et 29,5% au cours des contrôles commerciaux à Mwea et à Embu, respectivement. Ces résultats indiquent que les nouvelles variétés de haricot vert, avec les trais du marché montrait que la productivité et la résistance aux principales maladies peuvent être développés à partir de ces lignées. L’utilisation de ces variétés contribuera à de meilleurs revenus pour les producteurs de haricots verts et le renforcement de la compétitivité des produits locaux.
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Date of publication: 
2014
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
University/affiliation: 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
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Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
Edition: 
Extent: 
469 - 473