The Role of Academy in Relation to the Agricultural Research Development in Parana State, Brazil

Abstract: 
Compared to the American system, where agricultural research, extension and education are offered by the same institutions, the Universities in Brazil in these fields are organised differently. At federal level higher education and research development in agriculture belong to different Ministries, Ministry of Education and Culture and Ministry of Agriculture and Food Supply, respectively. Each Ministry has its own budget and is independent of the other. Higher education in Agricultural Sciences in Brazil is offered in the main areas of Agronomy and General Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine and Forestry. Other related areas are Agricultural Engineering and Animal Husbandry. Among the three main Agricultural Sciences, 391 courses are offered in the whole country, by federal, state and private universities. Most of the agricultural development in Brazil is a joint effort of the university, training people, the government research institutions and the private sector, such as big cooperatives with their needed on farm applied research. Parana represents 2.7 % of the total country area but is responsible for 25 % of grain production. Big enterprises produce most of commodities but 60 % of food consumed in the country comes from subsistence agriculture.
Par rapport au système Américain où la recherche agricole, la vulgarisation et l’éducation sont dispensées par les mêmes institutions qui sont les universités, au Brésil, ces domaines sont organisés différemment. Au niveau fédéral, l’enseignement supérieur et le développement de la recherche en agriculture appartiennent à différents ministères : le ministère de l’Éducation et de la Culture et celui de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation, respectivement. Chaque ministère a son propre budget et son indépendance vis-à-vis de l’autre. L’enseignement supérieur en sciences agronomiques du Brésil est dispensé dans les principaux domaines d’Agronomie et d’Agriculture Générale, de Médecine Vétérinaire et de la Foresterie. D’autres domaines connexes sont le Génie Agricole et l’Agriculture orientée vers l’Elevage. Parmi les 3 principales sciences agronomiques, 391 cours sont dispensés dans l’ensemble du pays, par les universités fédérales, publiques et privées. La plupart du développement agricole au Brésil est un effort conjoint de l’université formant les individus, les institutions publiques de recherche et le secteur privé, comme les grandes coopératives avec leur besoin sur la recherche appliquée en agriculture. Paraná représente 2,7% de la superficie totale du pays, mais est responsable de 25% de la production céréalière. Les grandes entreprises produisent la plupart des produits, mais 60% de la nourriture consommée dans le pays provient de l’agriculture de subsistance.
Language: 
Extended abstracts submitted under Strengthening S&T Capacity in Africa
Date of publication: 
2012
Region Focus: 
South America
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Agris Subject Categories: 
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
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Form: 
Printed resource
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The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants.This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of strengthening S&T capacity in Africa