Studies were conducted in Uganda for three consecutive seasons to evaluate soybean lines of different maturation periods against rust. All the lines were highly susceptible to rust with only two lines graded as moderately resistant: TGx 1835-10E (early maturing) and TGx 1838-5E (late maturing). These two lines were consistently associated with non-sporulating lesions. Within each maturation group, soybean lines differed significantly in rates of rust development (RRDs), rust severities at R6 growth stage, and yielding ability under rust stress. Most of the lines had RRDs higher than the local check. However, it was only the early maturing lines that yielded higher than the local check. Higher levels of rust tolerance were observed in the early maturing lines (yields >1000 kg/ha), and lowest in late maturing lines (yields<500 kg/ha). Most variation in yields was due to differences among soybean lines, except the late and medium maturing lines were it was due to seasonal variation. Most variation in RRDs was due to the seasons and not soybean lines, and rust severity increased with crop age.
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RUFORUM Journal Articles