Validation of the Profitability of Banana Growing in Kamwezi Sub-County, Kabale District, South Western Uganda

Abstract: 
Banana is an important food staple and source of cash income in most parts of Uganda, which do not experience serious drought. Uganda’s production accounts for 20% of world’s production providing income to rural families. As an industry banana has the potential to expand opportunities and income as production increases. However, the profitability of banana is dwindling due to a number of constraints. Therefore, this study was conducted to validate the profitability of banana growing in Kamwezi sub-county, Kabale district in South Western Uganda. Data were collected from 46 respondents using semistructured questionnaires and interview guides. The findings revealed that farmers got 4957 bunches/ha of banana with the annual income of Uganda Shillings 7,303,368= million which was a very high profit compared to other major crops. The low yields of banana output were attributed to banana pests and diseases as well as competition from other enterprises such as livestock and annual crops. In addition, the major banana marketing constraints included poor transport, distance from the field and to market, inadequate market and inadequate labor for transporting bananas. Overall, the study has shown that banana growing is a profitable venture as long as farmers can access improved banana production technologies and improved marketing conditions
La banane est un aliment de base important et une source de revenus monétaires dans la plupart des régions de l’Ouganda, qui ne connaissent pas de grave sécheresse. En Ouganda, sa production représente 20% de la production mondiale procurant un revenu aux familles rurales. Autant l’industrie bananière a le potentiel d’accroître les opportunités et les revenus que la production augmente. Toutefois, la rentabilité de la banane est en baisse en raison d’un certain nombre de contraintes. Par conséquent, cette étude a été menée afin de valider la rentabilité de la culture bananière dans le sous-comté de Kamwezi, district de Kabale. Les données ont été recueillies à l’aide desquestionnaires semi-structurés et des guides d’interview à partir de 46 répondants. Les résultats ont révélé que les agriculteurs ont reçu 4957 grappes de banane par hectare avec le revenu annuel de 7.303.368 = millions de shillings ougandais qui était un bénéfice très élevé par rapport à d’autres cultures principales. Les faibles rendements de la production de bananes ont été attribués aux ravageurs et aux maladies de bananes ainsi que la concurrence d’autres entreprises telles que le bétail et les récoltes annuelles. En outre, les contraintes majeures de commercialisation de la banane comprenaient le transport médiocre, la distance pour aller au champ et au marché, le marché inadéquat et le travail inadéquat pour le transport des bananes. Dans l’ensemble, l’étude a montré que la culture de banane est une entreprise rentable aussi longtemps que les agriculteurs puissent accéder les technologies améliorées de production de la banane et l’amélioration des conditions de commercialisation.
Language: 
Extended abstracts submitted under Agricultural Marketing and Trade
Date of publication: 
2012
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Region Focus: 
East Africa
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Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
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Licence conditions: 
Open Access
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Form: 
Printed resource
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The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholders in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme Agricultural Marketing and Trade