Identification of new sources of resistance to angular leaf spot among Uganda common bean landraces

Abstract: 
Breeding for resistance to Angular Leaf spot (ALS), a fungal disease caused by Pseudocercospora griseola (Sacc), is faced with a challenge of the existence of a few resistance sources that are exotic and not well adapted to environmental conditions in Uganda. In addition, P. griseola is a highly variable pathogen that co-evolves with its host, therefore necessitating the continuous identification of new and stronger sources of resistance. Identification of local bean landraces/adapted bean varieties with resistance to ALS would probably quicken the progress of development of resistant cultivars, and reduce yield losses. Seventy four landraces, four commercial varieties, and two controls were screened with four P. griseola pathotypes 1:6, 17:39, 21:39, and 61:63 to determine their ALS resistance levels. One landrace, U00297, showed consistent and strong resistance to the four pathotypes. The inheritance of resistance in U00297 was established from three individual populations derived from crosses with three susceptible cultivars, K132, K131, and Kanyebwa, commercially grown in Uganda. The allelic relationships between U00297 and two existing ALS resistance sources, AND277 and G5686 were tested. Segregation ratios of F2 populations revealed that U00297 resistance to pathotype 17:39 is conferred by a single dominant gene, while digenic epistatic gene interactions were suggested for resistance to other pathotypes. The general and specific combining abilities were significant for resistance revealing the importance of additive and dominant components in the inheritance of ALS resistance. As a resistant parent, U00297 was a good combiner for resistance to pathotype 17:39, and effective resistance source to pathotypes 17:39 and 61:63. The allelic test indicated that the dominant gene in U00297 is independent of resistance genes harboured by resistance sources AND277 and G5686. The information generated is useful to breeding programs targeting developing bean cultivars carrying novel ALS resistance based on genes derived from U00297.
Language: 
Date of publication: 
2014
Country: 
University/affiliation: 
Volume: 
2
Number: 
2
Pagination: 
55-65
Collection: 
RUFORUM Journal Articles
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Form: 
Printed resource
ISSN: 
2291-6342
E_ISSN: 
2291-6350
Edition: