Diversity of Finger Millet for Crop Improvement in Uganda

Abstract: 
Finger millet (Eleusine corocana L), though highly nutritious and indigenous to Uganda, has not been fully exploited due to limited breeding efforts, and little information about the diversity existing within the germplasm collection. This has constrained breeding efforts and reduced the role played by finger millet as a food security crop for resource-limited farmers. Developing stable, adaptable, and high-yielding varieties of finger millet that include farmer-preferred traits should significantly increase the adoption and use of finger millet as a basic staple food, and hence reduce malnutrition among the rural poor. Improvement of varieties requires identifying parents with diverse genetic backgrounds. Therefore, the diversity in the existing germplasm needs to be assessed and to expand it as needed in order to enhance future breeding efforts. In this study substantial diversity was documented among both local landraces and introductions, and patterns of similarity were described.
L’éleusine (Eleusine corocana L.), bien que très nutritive et indigène en Ouganda, n’a pas été pleinement exploitée à cause des efforts de reproduction limités et peu d’information sur la diversité existant dans les limites de la collection du matériel génétique. Cela a contraint les efforts de reproduction et réduit le rôle joué par l’éleusine en tant qu’une culture de la sécurité alimentaire pour les agriculteurs à ressources limitées. Le développement des variétés stables, adaptables et à haut rendement de l’éleusine, qui incluent les traits privilégiés par les agriculteurs devrait augmenter de manière significative l’adoption et l’utilisation de l’éleusine comme un aliment de base, et ainsi réduire la malnutrition au sein des populations rurales pauvres. L’amélioration des variétés exige l’identification des parents avec diverses origines génétiques. Par conséquent, la diversité dans le matériel génétique existant doit être évaluée et l’élargir au besoin, afin de renforcer les efforts futurs de reproduction. Dans cette étude, la diversité substantielle a été documentée entre les deux variétés locales et les introductions, et les modèles de similarité ont été décrits.
Language: 
Extended Abstract for Crop Improvement
Date of publication: 
2012
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Form: 
Printed resource
Publisher: 
Notes: 

The 2012 RUFORUM Biennial Conference is the third in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. The third Biennial Conference was attended by 657 participants.  This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of Crop Improvement.