Effect of exogenous fludioxonil postharvest treatment on physiological response, physico-chemical, textural, phytochemical and sensory characteristics of pomegranate fruit

The study investigated the effects of fludioxonil (FLU) on the postharvest quality of pomegranate fruit (cv. Wonderful). Fruits were dipped in FLU concentrations (control, 150, 300 and 600 mg/L) and stored for 4 months at 5 °C and 90–95% relative humidity (RH) plus an additional 4 days at 20 °C and 65% RH. Effects of FLU were evaluated on physiological responses, quality and sensory attributes. Results showed that fruit weight loss and decay incidence were reduced by FLU treatment, with fruit treated with 600 mg/L concentration showing the best results. Fruit respiration rate was more influenced by storage duration than FLU concentration. The severity and occurrence of physiological disorders increased with storage duration but were more pronounced in fruits treated with FLU. Storage duration influenced fruit colour whereas aril colour was affected by FLU concentration. Untreated fruit showed better aril redness and chroma although treated fruit also had acceptable red colour. Chemical quality attributes of fruit juice were not significantly affected by FLU concentrations. Fruit treated with FLU had significantly (p < 0.05) higher total phenolic content during storage although lower ascorbic acid content was observed compared to untreated fruit. Treating fruit with FLU resulted in better sensory attributes with regards to crispness, juiciness and sweetness. Overall, this study showed that fruit treated with FLU at 600 mg/L had the best quality with respect to decay incidence, weight loss, total phenolics and sensory attributes.
Date of publication: 
Region Focus: 
Southern Africa
RUFORUM Journal Articles
Project sponsor: 
South African Research Chairs Initiative; South African Postharvest Innovation Programme (PHI); Pomegranate Growers’ Association of South Africa (POMASA)
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