Institutional arrangements and stakeholder power relations underlying apiculture for conservation of natural resources in west Usambara Mountains,Tanzania

Abstract: 
A study was conducted whereby 98 respondents were interviewed out of which 54 were beekeepers while 44 were non –beekeepers. Statistical package SPSS v 16 was used to analyze the data. Age, awareness of national beekeeping policy, awareness of Village land act, number of individual beehives and number of group beehives were significant variables affecting performance of dominant formal institution (Village Natural Resource Committee) at p<0.05 whereas number of individual beehives and number of group beehives owned were significant variables affecting performance of dominant informal institution (cultural practices) at p<0.05. Stakeholder Power Relations were constructed not only through individual position of community members in the kinship hierarchy, but also through social and economic achievement and networks that may be used in gaining access to key resources such as land, woodlands and water.
Une étude a été menée selon laquelle 98 personnes ont été interrogées, dont 54 apiculteurs, tandis que 44 étaient de nonapiculteurs. Le logiciel statistique SPSS v 16 a été utilisé pour analyser les données. L’âge, la compréhension de la politique nationale de l’apiculture, la sensibilisation de la loi des terres du village, le nombre de ruches individuelles et le nombre de ruches du groupe étaient des variables significatives qui affectent la performance de l’institution formelle dominante (Comité des Ressources Naturelles du Village) à p <0,05, alors que le nombre de ruches individuelles et le nombre de ruches appartenant à un groupe étaient des variables significatives qui affectent la performance de l’institution informelle dominante (pratiques culturelles) à p <0,05. Les parties prenantes des relations de pouvoir ont été construits non seulement par la position individuelle des membres dans la hiérarchie au sein de la communauté de parenté, mais aussi à travers les réalisations sociales et économiques et des réseaux qui peuvent être utilisés pour accéder à des ressources essentielles telles que la terre, les forêts et l’eau.
Language: 
Date of publication: 
2010
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
University/affiliation: 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
Edition: 
Extent: 
1219-1222
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About the RUFORUM 2010 Biennal Conference
"The 2010 RUFORUM Biennial Conference was the second in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholders in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme of Animal Science"