The impact of climate change on agriculture production and food security situation, in Abuharaz administration in North Kordofan State, Sudan

The current study was conducted in Bara Locality, North Kordofan State; in 2017.The overall objective of this study was to identify options for rural women enhancement under climate change in dry lands. While the specific objectives were to evaluate previous intervention by Vet Care Organization and identify lessons, to investigate women indigenous knowledge about climate change and agricultural practices, to Identify opportunities for future development by determining the optimum crop combination that maximize the gross margin . Primary data were collected via constructed questionnaire introduced to households by direct interviewing. A sample size of 144 (72 with and 72 without the project) households representing about (18.3%) from total households (786) living in the study area were selected using simple random sampling technique. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Gross Margin analysis, and linear programming model. The results showed that, majority of the respondents in and out project have knowledge about climate change (77.8% with project versus 80.6% without project) and they identify the indicators of climate change as fluctuation of rainfall, soil degradation and pests. VCO project of Women Empowerment succeeded to achieve a considerable amount of its objectives where 100% of the respondents received training in agricultural activities. Also gave good economic impact by improving productivity of crop production 50% more than before, 100% of the respondents received agricultural inputs, 100% of them confirm that they received drip irrigation system and technical training in installation and maintenance, 62.5% confirmed that they got benefits from drip irrigation system, 88.9% of the respondents confirmed that they has received training in vegetables production.. On average gross margin per feddan for sorghum, millet, groundnuts, sesame and Roselle were SDG 1025.25, 1422.5, 832, 1758 and SDG 661 respectively. The optimum crop combination was to cultivate 5.434 feddan of sesame to get maximum V gross margin equals SDG 9553 plus growing some food crops as millet and sorghum according to gross margin results. The study recommends the cultivation of sesame as cash crop and millet and sorghum as food crops. To improve access to credit for households in targeted villages, members of the project associations should be linked with Banks or microfinance institutions in Bara locality.
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Region Focus: 
North Africa
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