Farmers’ perceptions on maize ear rots and the prospects for breeding farmer preferred varieties in Uganda

Abstract: 
Maize ear rots are a major constraint to maize production globally, and yield loses of up to 70% have been reported in Uganda. Developing varieties resistant to ear rots is a practical strategy that provides better insurance for the small scale farmers. To enhance the adoption of varieties, farmers’ perceptions should be included early in the breeding programme. In this study a survey was done in four districts of Uganda to examine farmers’ perception on ear rots and their views on agronomic desirable traits. High yield and earliness were the most preferred traits by the farmers.
Les putréfactions des épis de maïs constituent une majeure contrainte à la production de maïs au niveau mondial et les baisses de rendement allant jusqu’à 70% ont été enregistrées en Ouganda. Développer des variétés résistantes aux putréfactions d’épis est une stratégie pratique qui fournit une meilleure assurance aux petits agriculteurs. Afin de promouvoir l’adoption des variétés, les perceptions des agriculteurs devraient être insérées le plus tôt possible dans le programme de reproduction. A cet effet, une étude a été menée dans quatre districts de l’Ouganda pour examiner la perception des agriculteurs sur les putréfactions des épis et leurs points de vue sur les aspects agronomiques souhaitables. Le rendement élevé et la précocité étaient les aspects les plus préférés par les fermiers.
Language: 
Date of publication: 
2010
Country: 
Region Focus: 
East Africa
University/affiliation: 
Collection: 
RUFORUM Conferences and Workshops
Licence conditions: 
Open Access
Access restriction: 
Form: 
Printed resource
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ISSN: 
E_ISSN: 
Edition: 
Extent: 
277-280
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"The 2010 RUFORUM Biennial Conference was the second in the series. The main objective of the Biennial conferences is to provide a platform for agricultural research for development stakeholders in Africa and beyond to actively exchange findings and experiences, while at the same time learning lessons towards improving performance of the agricultural sector and ultimately people’s livelihoods. The biennial conference is RUFORUM’s most comprehensive meeting for the diversity of stakeholers in agriculture. It is especially dedicated to graduate students and their supervisors, grantees in RUFORUM member universities and alumni. It is a platform for peer review, quality control, mentorship, networking and shared learning. This record contains an extended abstract accepted under the theme diseases".